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Muktas Of Muktsar (ਚਾਲੀ ਮੁਕਤੇ)
It refers to the band of 40 brave Sikhs who laid down their lives fighting near the dhab or lake of Khidrana, also called Isharsar, on 29 December 1705 against a Mughal force in chase of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji who are remembered in Sikh history and daily in the Sikh ardaas (supplicatory prayer offered individually or at gatherings at the end of all religious services.)
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, who had watched the battle from a nearby mound praised the martyrs' valour and blessed them as the Chali Mukte, the "Forty Immortals" or "Forty Beloved". After them Khidrana became Muktsar, the "Pool of Liberation".
The forty muktas universally celebrated in the Sikh tradition are the forty martyrs of Muktsar who earned this title by sacrificing their lives for the Guru and who redeemed their past apostasy, of having disowned Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and deserted him driven to desperation by the prolonged siege of Anandpur by the hill chiefs and Mughal forces, by having their disclaimer torn by the Guru as the last of them laid in the Guru's lap dying.
The names of the forty Mukte are listed below:
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* punjabi version will be posted soon...